International Framework of ECCE

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Young Korean children playing in a playground / © Dominique Roger for UNESCO

UNESCO promotes a holistic approach to Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) by implementing the vision of the 1990 Jomtien Declaration on Education for All, which states that learning begins at birth and confirms that early childhood care and education is an essential component of basic education.
  A decade later, the Dakar Framework for Action of April 2000 reaffirmed the importance of Early Childhood and included the development of early childhood care and education as the first of its six main goals. The participating countries agreed to commit themselves to “expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children.”

International human rights law also has recognised that childhood is entitled to special care and assistance, as first highlighted in article 25(2) of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This concern on the particular care required for the growth and well-being of the child culminated in the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Convention focuses on the whole spectrum of human rights necessary for a child to reach his or her full potential. It calls for an improvement in the global situation of children, with emphasis on their education and development in conditions of peace and security.

Related links

Convention on the Rights of the Child

 Dakar Framework for Action

 Jomtien Declaration on Education for All

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